Decree of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan on Intensified Combat against Crime and Reinforcement of Law and Order (adopted on August 9, 1994) set forth the major responsibilities of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and other agencies concerned in the field of securing economic interests and political priorities of the state, protection of lives, health and property of individuals from criminal offences perpetrated primarily by organized criminal groups and illegitimate armed units, as well as prevention of graft and corruption. Pursuant to the Presidential Decree in question an Organized Crime Department was established within the Ministry of Internal Affairs to cope with the most dangerous types of criminal offences on a new institutional basis.
Following requirements of the National Action Plan on Combating Traffic in Human Beings in the Republic of Azerbaijan (adopted through the Presidential Directive of May 6, 2004) the Department on Combating Traffic in Human Beings was established within the Main Organized Crime Department in 2004.Pursuant to Decree No.83 of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan on Institutional Amendments at the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Azerbaijan (signed on June 30, 2004) Organized Crime Department was upgraded to the level of main department.
Major duties of the Main Department are bound with combating organized crime in compliance with provisions of the legislation of the Republic of Azerbaijan and pursuant to regulations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. This includes suppression of terrorism, banditry, hostage taking, extortion, uttering counterfeited currency and means of payment, traffic in human beings, as well as tackling other forms of organized transnational crime, prevention, exposure and investigation of criminal offences of this type.
The Main Department comprises division specialized in combating hostage taking and extortion, division dealing with banditry and other violent crimes, division in charge for tackling money counterfeit and forgery of payment documents, investigation division, institutional analysis division, operational unit, unit “A”, operational communication group, human resources group, duty service, security company and secretariat. Department for Combating Traffic in Human Beings, special task unit and provisional detention facility are among the services directly subordinate to the Main Department.