Ganja Court of Appeal hears, as a court of appeal, appeals and appeal protests made under court acts on the cases heard by the courts of first instance assigned to its territorial jurisdiction. Ganja Court of Appeal is comprised of a civil board, administrative-economical board, criminal board and military board.
A three-instance court system – courts of first instance, courts of appeal and cassation was created in Azerbaijan as a result of one of the initial outcomes of the judicial legal reforms implemented with the leadership and close involvement of the national leader of Azerbaijan Heydar Aliyev, and this system moved into a new stage by the Decree dated 19 January 2006 issued by Ilham Aliyev, the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, on modernization of the judiciary in the Republic of Azerbaijan and the implementation of the Law of the Republic of Azerbaijan “on Making amendments to certain legislative acts of the Republic of Azerbaijan”.
Ganja Court of Appeal which began to function on 16 July 2007 is a court of high instance on civil cases, cases of economic disputes, criminal and administrative offenses and military courts.Boards of Ganja Court of Appeal hear cases on the appeals and appeal protests made from the decisions taken by the courts of first instance assigned to their territorial jurisdiction as a court of appeal.
Judges are persons with authorities as determined by law to make fair judgments.All judges of the Republic of Azerbaijan (president, deputy president, president of boards and judges) will have the same status, rights and responsibilities in hearing a case and be different from one another due to the procedure of appointment, power and term in office. With the exception of the decisions made in a Plenary Session of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Azerbaijan, every judge (except a judge who provides a specific opinion or votes against such a decision during the adoption of the decision) who took part in the adoption of all other collegial court decisions will be equally responsible.